1955 Underwood Report (complete)
The Underwood Report (1955)
Report of the Committee on Maladjusted Children
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office 1955
Notes on the text
In October 1950 Labour minister of education George Tomlinson appointed a committee:
To enquire into and report upon the medical, educational and social problems relating to maladjusted children, with reference to their treatment within the educational system.Over a period of five years, the 17 members of the full committee met on 57 days, and sub-committees held a further 43 meetings. In October 1955 they presented their unanimous report to Conservative education minister David Eccles, who wrote in the Foreword that the committee had 'covered much ground' and 'made many interesting suggestions'.
The Chair of the committee, Dr JEA Underwood (1886-1959), had worked for the Board of Education since 1925, becoming its principal medical officer in 1941. Following the 1944 Education Act, he became principal medical officer of the new Ministry of Education. He was approaching the end of his career when the Committee on Maladjusted Children was appointed: he retired from the ministry in July 1951 and died four years after the report was published, on 31 December 1959.
The report online
The full text of the report is online in a single web page, including the Appendices and the subject index.
The formatting of the text (bold, italics, centred etc) is a reasonably accurate representation of the printed version, but the pages presented here are not exact facsimiles of the original: the font (Times, Arial etc) and size of print - and therefore the number of words to a line and lines to a page - are determined by the settings you have chosen for your web browser. However, the page breaks are correct. In other words, if something is shown here as being on, say, page 103, you can be sure it appeared on page 103 in the original.
The tables are presented here as images and are embedded in the text where they were in the printed version.
I have added one note of explanation (in Appendix G) [in square brackets]. Elsewhere, square brackets are as used in the printed version.
I have corrected a handful of printing errors. Otherwise, the text presented here is as printed in the report.
Blank pages have been omitted.
Summary of the report's main recommendations
The committee made 97 recommendations which can be found in Chapter XVII. The following is a summary of some of the key points:
The 1955 Underwood Report and the above notes were prepared for the web by Derek Gillard. The report was uploaded on 7 May 2012; the revised notes on 24 November 2012.