Index to Acts of Parliament


Acts of Parliament
relating to children, schools and education

This page lists all the Acts of the UK Parliament relating to children, schools and education passed since 1721. Of the 452 Acts listed, 247 (including every relevant Act since 1944) are online - these are shown as links.

Also listed (and online) are 13 education acts of the Northern Ireland Parliament passed between 1947 and 1966. These are indicated by the prefix 'NI' in the left hand column. Finally, at the foot of the page is a list of 21 Statutory Orders (also online) relating to Northern Ireland, covering the period from 1972 to 2006. I am indebted to Leslie Curtis who supplied pdf files of all these Northern Ireland documents.

The Acts are shown here as originally enacted: i.e. without later amendments.

Some of the Acts presented as pdf files have been downloaded from the National Archives website. The text of recent documents of this type is searchable and copiable, but there is a problem with some pre-1988 documents: copied text does not include spaces between words. However, they can still be downloaded, read and searched.

Acts which are not available on the National Archives website have been photocopied, scanned and converted to text. They are presented here as web pages (which are searchable and copiable) and you can also see image-only pdf files of the photocopies.

A few Acts (marked by an asterisk) which have been added recently are available as image-only pdf files. I hope to produce text versions in the future.

Please email me

  • if you come across an Act which I have omitted and which you think should be here;
  • if you would like to read an Act which is not currently online;
  • if you spot any errors.
Contact details are here.

Notes on the texts

Where I have created text versions of the Acts, spelling and punctuation are as in the printed version. Page headers have been omitted. The page numbers shown are from the original print version (the annual Law Reports). The marginal headings (shown in small print) have been incorporated into the body of the text. In some cases this has meant dividing a paragraph.

In a few of the Acts I have added explanations of archaic or legal terms. Such explanations are shown [in square brackets]. (Note, however, that the date of Royal Assent shown at the beginning of every Act is also shown in square brackets).

I have done my best to ensure the accuracy of the texts but if you spot any errors please let me know. Contact details are here.

Crown copyright material is reproduced here under the Open Government Licence for public sector information.

Note on the numbering of Acts of Parliament

The United Kingdom was formed by the Act of Union in 1707. It was first known as the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707-1801), then the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1927) and, since 1927, as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Until 1963, Sessions of Parliament were numbered according to the year of the monarch's reign. In each Session, the Acts passed were given chapter numbers. For example, the Universities Act 1825 was Chapter 97 for the year 1825, which was the 6th year of George IV's reign. You may therefore see it referred to as: 6 Geo. 4 c. 97 (year - monarch - chapter).

This was a cumbersome system! Sometimes parliamentary sessions included parts of two years of a monarch's reign, as in the case of Victoria. Thus the Poor Law (Schools) Act 1848 is 11 & 12 Vict c. 82. And in a handful of cases a session even included parts of the reigns of two monarchs - for example the Endowed Schools (Ireland) Act 1830 is referred to 11 Geo 4 & 1 Will. 4 c. 56.

Since 1963 a much simpler system has operated. Acts are now referred to simply by their calendar year and chapter number. For example, the Children and Young Persons Act 1969 is 1969 c. 54.



Acts of Parliament
relating to children, schools and education


GEORGE I
8 Geo. 1 c. 31Sevenoaks Grammar School and Charity Act 1721

GEORGE II
17 Geo. 2 c. 40Universities (Wine Licences) Act 1743
20 Geo. 2 c. 32University of St Andrews Act 1746

GEORGE III
8 Geo. 3 c. 32Gresham College etc Act 1768
11 Geo. 3 c. 10Morden College Kent Act 1771
14 Geo. 3 c. 51Macclesfield Grammar School Act 1774
16 Geo. 3 c. 52Natural-born Children of Aliens Act 1776
17 Geo. 3 c. 71Rugby School and Alms-houses Act 1777
18 Geo. 3 c. 41Henley Grammar School Act 1778
20 Geo. 3 c. 36Poor Apprentices Act 1780
28 Geo. 3 c. 81Bolton Grammar School Act 1788
43 Geo. 3 c. 73Factory Act 1802
43 Geo. 3 c. 54*Parochial Schools (Scotland) Act 1803
45 Geo. 3 c. 101Purchase of Advowsons by Colleges Act 1805
48 Geo. 3 c. 77Londonderry School Act 1808
50 Geo. 3 c. 33School Sites (Ireland) Act 1810
53 Geo. 3 c. 107Endowed Schools Act 1813
54 Geo. 3 c. 101Child Stealing Act 1814
56 Geo. 3 c.95Transfer of Stock of Hertford College Act 1816
56 Geo. 3 c.136Lands of Hertford College Act 1816
GEORGE IV
3 Geo. 4 c. 1822Endowed Schools Act 1822
5 Geo. 4 c. 101St David's College Act 1824
6 Geo. 4 c. 97Universities Act 1825: behaviour of Oxbridge students.
6 Geo. 4 c. 102Deserted Children (Ireland) Act 1825
9 Geo. 4 c. 36Deserted Children (Ireland) Act 1827
9 Geo. 4 c. 87Deserted Children (Ireland) Act 1828
11 Geo. 4 &
1 Will. 4 c. 56
Endowed Schools (Ireland) Act 1830
WILLIAM IV
3 & 4 Will. 4 c. 103*Factories Act 1833
4 & 5 Will. 4 c. 76*Poor Law (Amendment) Act 1834
6 & 7 Will. 4 c. 70Sites for Schoolrooms Act 1836
VICTORIA
1 & 2 Vict c. 22Haileybury College Act 1838
1 & 2 Vict c. 87Highland Schools Act 1838
2 & 3 Vict c. 85Bastard Children Act 1839
3 & 4 Vict c. 77Grammar Schools Act 1840: allowed endowment funds to be spent on modern and commercial subjects.
3 & 4 Vict c. 85*Chimney Sweepers Regulation Act 1840
4 & 5 Vict c. 38School Sites Act 1841 (pdf 324kb): the five School Sites Acts passed between 1841 and 1852 facilitated the purchase of land for school buildings and allowed for 'Parliamentary Grants for the Education of the Poor'
5 & 6 Vict c. 78Exchange, Crown and Eton College Act 1842
7 & 8 Vict c. 8Teachers of Schools (Ireland) Act 1844
7 & 8 Vict c. 37School Sites Act 1844 (pdf 136kb)
8 & 9 Vict c. 25Maynooth College Act 1845
8 & 9 Vict c. 40Parish Schoolmasters (Scotland) Act 1845
8 & 9 Vict c. 66Queen's College (Ireland) Act 1845
11 & 12 Vict c. 82Poor Law (Schools) Act 1848
12 & 13 Vict c. 49School Sites Act 1849 (pdf 128kb)
13 & 14 Vict c. 11School Districts Act 1850
14 & 15 Vict c. 24School Sites Act 1851 (pdf 60kb)
15 & 16 Vict c. 49School Sites Act 1852 (pdf 72kb)
16 & 17 Vict c. 82Christ College of Brecknock Act 1853
17 & 18 Vict c. 74*Reformatory Schools (Scotland) Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 81*Oxford University Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 86*Youthful Offenders Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 98Parochial Schoolmaster (Scotland) Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 112Literary and Scientific Institutions Act 1854 (pdf 487kb): facilitated the establishment of institutions for the promotion of literature, science and the arts.
18 & 19 Vict c. 34Education of Pauper Children Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 53Haileybury College Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 59Endowed Schools Inquiries (Ireland) Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 82Trinity College Dublin Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 131School Grants Act 1855 (pdf 76kb): laid down stricter conditions relating to Parliamentary grants for education.
19 & 20 Vict c. 28Reformatory Schools (Scotland) Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 53Moulton Endowed School Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 88*Cambridge University Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 95Oxford Colleges etc Estates Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 109Reformatory etc Schools Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 116Education Department Act 1856: single-paragraph Act which created the post of Vice-President of the Committee of Council on Education.
20 & 21 Vict c. 25Oxford University Act 1857 (pdf 115kb): extended the powers of the Commissioners for Oxford University and St Mary's College Winchester.
20 & 21 Vict c. 48Industrial Schools Act 1857
20 & 21 Vict c. 55Reformatory Schools (England) Act 1857
20 & 21 Vict c. 59Parochial Schoolmasters (Scotland) Act 1857
20 & 21 Vict c. 84Dulwich College Act 1857
21 & 22 Vict c. 44Universities and College Estates Act 1858
21 & 22 Vict c. 83Universities (Scotland) Act 1858
21 & 22 Vict c. 103Reformatory Schools (Ireland) Act 1858
22 & 23 Vict c. 19Universities of Oxford and Cambridge Act 1859 (pdf 135kb): amended previous Acts relating to Oxford and Cambridge.
23 & 24 Vict c. 11Endowed Schools Act 1860
23 & 24 Vict c. 59Universities and College Estates Act Extension 1860
23 & 24 Vict c. 91Oxford University Act 1860 (pdf 106kb): matters relating to Craven scholarships and testamentary documents.
23 & 24 Vict c. 104Maynooth College Act 1860
23 & 24 Vict c. 108Industrial Schools Act 1860
24 & 25 Vict c. 107Parochial and Burgh Schoolmasters (Scotland) Act 1861
24 & 25 Vict c. 113Industrial Schools Act 1861
24 & 25 Vict c. 132Industrial Schools (Scotland) Act 1861
25 & 26 Vict c. 10Industrial Schools 1861 Acts Continuance Act 1862
25 & 26 Vict c. 26Oxford University Act 1862 (pdf 132kb): extended the university's power to make statutes.
25 & 26 Vict c. 43Poor Law (Certified Schools) Act 1862
27 & 28 Vict c. 37*Chimney Sweepers Regulation Act 1864
27 & 28 Vict c. 41Coventry Garmmar School Act 1864
27 & 28 Vict c. 92Public Schools Act 1864
28 & 29 Vict c. 55Oxford University, Vinerian Foundation, Act 1865 (pdf 78kb): empowered the university to make statutes relating to the Vinerian Foundation.
29 & 30 Vict c. 117Reformatory Schools Act 1866
29 & 30 Vict c. 118Industrial Schools Act 1866
30 & 31 Vict c. 6.Metropolitan Poor Act 1867
31 & 32 Vict c. 25Industrial Schools (Ireland) Act 1868
31 & 32 Vict c. 32Endowed Schools Act 1868: paved the way for the 1869 Endowed Schools Act.
31 & 32 Vict c. 59Irish Reformatory Schools Act 1868
31 & 32 Vict c. 118Public Schools Act 1868: made various changes at Eton, Harrow, Winchester etc as recommended by the 1864 Clarendon Report.
32 & 33 Vict c. 20University of Oxford Act 1869
32 & 33 Vict c. 25Orphan and Desrted Children (Ireland) Act 1869
32 & 33 Vict c. 56Endowed Schools Act 1869: made changes to endowed schools as recommended by the 1868 Taunton Report.
32 & 33 Vict c. 58Public Schools Act 1869
33 & 34 Vict c. 75Elementary Education Act 1870: the 'Forster Act' introduced compulsory universal education for children aged 5-13 but left enforcement of attendance to school boards.
33 & 34 Vict c. 84Public School Act 1870
33 & 34 Vict c. 63College Charter Act 1871 (pdf 29kb): amended the law relating to the granting of charters.
34 & 35 Vict c. 13Public Parks, Schools, and Museums Act 1871
34 & 35 Vict c. 26Universities Tests Act 1871 (pdf 80kb): removed certain religious requirements.
34 & 35 Vict c. 60Public Schools Act 1871
34 & 35 Vict c. 94Elementary Education (Election) Act 1871
35 & 36 Vict c. 21Reformatory and Industrial Schools Acts Amendment Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 27Elementary Education Act Amendment Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 54Public Schools Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 59Elementary Education (Elections) Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 62*Education (Scotland) Act 1872: created school boards to oversee both secondary and elementary education, and made attendance compulsory.
36 & 37 Vict c. 7Endowed Schools (Time of Address) Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 41Public Schools (Shrewsbury and Harrow Schools Property) Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 53Highland Schools Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 62Public Schools (Eton College Property) Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 67*Employment of Children in Agriculture Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 86Elementary Education Act 1873: amended various provisions of the 1870 Elementary Education Act.
36 & 37 Vict c. 87Endowed Schools Act 1873: extended and amended the 1869 Endowed Schools Act.
37 & 38 Vict c. 9Public Works Loan (School Loans) Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 39Elementary Education (Wenlock) Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 55Hertford College Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 62Infants Relief Act 1874 (pdf 53kb): made contracts entered into by infants unenforceable.
37 & 38 Vict c. 79Foyle College Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 87Endowed Schools Act 1874: made further amendments to the previous Endowed Schools Acts.
37 & 38 Vict c. 90Elementary Education (Orders) Act 1874
38 & 39 Vict c. 29Endowed Schools (Vested Interests) Act Continuance Act 1875
38 & 39 Vict c. 41Intestate Widows and Children (Scotland) Act 1875
38 & 39 Vict c. 70*Chimney Sweepers Act 1875: prohibited the use of boys to clean chimneys and provided the first workable enforcement machinery.
38 & 39 Vict c. 82National School Teachers Residences (Ireland) Act 1875
38 & 39 Vict c. 96National School Teachers (Ireland) Act 1875
39 & 40 Vict c. 38Pauper Children (Ireland) Act 1876
39 & 40 Vict c. 79Elementary Education Act 1876: made further provisions regarding elementary education, including new rules on child employment.
40 & 41 Vict c. 38Board of Education (Scotland) Act 1877
41 & 42 Vict c. 16*Factory and Workshop Act 1878
41 & 42 Vict c. 66Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1878
41 & 42 Vict c. 78Education (Scotland) Act 1878
42 & 43 Vict c. 34Children's Dangerous Performances Act 1879
42 & 43 Vict c. 48Elementary Education (Industrial Schools) Act 1879: a brief Act extending the powers of school boards in relation to the establishment and extension of industrial schools.
42 & 43 Vict c. 49*Summary Jurisdiction Act 1879: child offenders to appear before magistrates rather than the assizes or quarter-sessions.
42 & 43 Vict c. 65University Education (Ireland) Act 1879
42 & 43 Vict c. 66Endowed School Acts Continuance Act 1879
42 & 43 Vict c. 74National School Teachers (Ireland) Act 1879
43 & 44 Vict c. 11Universities of Oxford and Cambridge (Limited Tenures) Act 1880
43 & 44 Vict c. 15Industrial Schools Act Amendment Act 1880
43 & 44 Vict c. 23Elementary Education Act 1880 (the 'Mundella Act'): tightened up school attendance laws.
43 & 44 Vict c. 46Universities and College Estates Amendment Act 1880
44 & 45 Vict c. 65Leases for Schools (Ireland) Act 1881
45 & 46 Vict c. 18Public Schools (Scotland) Teachers Act 1882
45 & 46 Vict c. 69Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1882
46 & 47 Vict c. 56Education (Scotland) Act 1883
47 & 48 Vict c. 19Summary Jurisdiction over Children (Ireland) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 22Loans for Schools and Training Colleges (Ireland) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 40Reformatory and Industrial Schools (Manx Children) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 45National School Teachers Amendment (Ireland) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 75Canal Boats Act 1884
48 & 49 Vict c. 19Industrial Schools (Ireland) Act 1885
48 & 49 Vict c. 38School Boards Act 1885
48 & 49 Vict c. 78Educational Endowments (Ireland) Act 1885
49 & 50 Vict c. 56Intoxicating Liquors (Sale to Children) Act 1886
50 & 51 Vict c. 64*Technical Schools (Scotland) Act 1887: empowered school boards to set up technical schools, but few were opened.
51 & 52 Vict c. 41Local Government Act 1888 (pdf 2.6mb): created county councils and county borough councils which later became the framework for educational administration.
51 & 52 Vict c. 45Victoria University Act 1888 (pdf 29kb): extended employment rights to graduates of Victoria University (Manchester).
52 & 53 Vict c. 35Prince of Wales's Children Act 1889
52 & 53 Vict c. 40Welsh Intermediate Education Act 1889: made further provision for the intermediate and technical education of the inhabitants of Wales and the county of Monmouth.
52 & 53 Vict c. 44Prevention of Cruelty to, and Protection of, Children Act 1889 (pdf 291kb): wide-ranging Act including restrictions on the employment of children.
52 & 53 Vict c. 76Technical Instruction Act 1889: sought to improve the provision of technical and industrial training.
53 & 54 Vict c. 22Education Code (1890) Act 1890
53 & 54 Vict. c. 43Education of Blind and Deaf-Mute Children (Scotland) Act 1890
54 & 55 Vict c. 3Custody of Children Act 1891 (pdf 45kb): included a section on religious education.
54 & 55 Vict c. 16Army Schools Act 1891 (pdf 29kb): a brief Act extending certain endowments to army schools.
54 & 55 Vict c. 23Reformatory and Industrial Schools Act 1891
54 & 55 Vict c. 56Elementary Education Act 1891: elementary education to be provided free.
54 & 55 Vict c. 61*Schools for Science and Art Act 1891: made government funds available to local authorities for technical education.
55 & 56 Vict c. 4Betting and Loans (Infants) Act 1892 (pdf 82kb): made it illegal to encourage children to bet or borrow money.
55 & 56 Vict c. 29Technical and Industrial Institutions Act 1892 (pdf 60kb): new rules to facilitate the expansion of technical and industrial training.
55 & 56 Vict c. 41Boards of Management of Poor Law District Schools (Ireland) Act 1892
55 & 56 Vict c. 42Irish Education Act 1892
55 & 56 Vict c. 51Education and Local Taxation Account (Scotland) Act 1892
55 & 56 Vict c. 63*Technical Instruction Amendment (Scotland) Act 1892
56 & 57 Vict c. 12Day Industrial Schools (Scotland) Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 15Reformatory Schools (Scotland) Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 41Irish Education Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 42Elementary Education (Blind and Deaf Children) Act 1893: required school authorities to make better educational provision for blind and deaf children.
56 & 57 Vict c. 48Reformatory Schools Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 51Elementary Education (School Attendance) Act 1893
57 & 58 Vict c. 27Prevention of Cruelty to Children (Amendment) Act 1894
57 & 58 Vict c. 33Industrial Schools Acts Amendment Act 1894
57 & 58 Vict c. 41Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act 1894
57 & 58 Vict Ch. ciiiCheltenham College Act 1894
58 & 59 Vict c. 17Reformatory and Industrial Schools (Channel Islands Children) Act 1895
60 & 61 Vict c. 5*Voluntary Schools Act 1897
60 & 61 Vict c. 16*Elementary Education Act 1897
60 & 61 Vict c. 32School Board Conference Act 1897
60 & 61 Vict c. 62Education (Scotland) Act 1897
61 & 62 Vict c. 30Pauper Children (Ireland) Act 1898
61 & 62 Vict c. 53Libraries Offences Act 1898 (pdf 37kb): a brief Act concerning behaviour in public libraries.
61 & 62 Vict c. 55Universities and College Estates Act 1898
61 & 62 Vict c. 57Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1898 (pdf 4.4mb)
61 & 62 Vict c. 62University of London Act 1898
62 & 63 Vict c. 12Reformatory Schools Act 1899
62 & 63 Vict c. 13Elementary Education (School Attendance) Act 1893 Amendment Act 1899
62 & 63 Vict c. 32Elementary Education (Defective and Epileptic Children) Act 1899: empowered school authorities to make better educational provision for 'defective' and epileptic children.
62 & 63 Vict c. 33Board of Education Act 1899: established the Board of Education and provided for a Consultative Committee.
62 & 63 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 21
Mines (Prohibition of Child Labour Underground) Act 1900
62 & 63 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 38
Elementary School Teachers Superannuation (Isle of Man) Act 1900
62 & 63 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 40
Elementary School Teachers Superannuation (Jersey) Act 1900
63 & 64 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 43
Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1900
63 & 64 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 53
*Elementary Education Act 1900
EDWARD VII
2 Edw. 7 c. 14University of Wales Act 1902 (pdf 29kb): extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Wales.
2 Edw. 7 c. 42Education Act 1902: the 'Balfour Act' established a system of secondary education integrating higher grade elementary schools and fee-paying secondary schools; abolished school boards and established local education authorities (LEAs).
3 Edw. 7 c. 10Education (Provision of Working Balances) Act 1903
3 Edw. 7 c. 13Elementary Education Amendment Act 1903
a minor amendment to the 1899 Elementary Education (Defective and Epileptic Children) Act.
3 Edw. 7 c. 19Poor Law (Dissolution of School Districts and Adjustments) Act 1903
3 Edw. 7 c. 24Education (London) Act 1903
extended and adapted the 1902 Education Act to London.
3 Edw. 7 c. 45Employment of Children Act 1903
4 Edw. 7 c. 11University of Liverpool Act 1904 (pdf 29kb)
extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Liverpool.
4 Edw. 7 c. 12Leeds University Act 1904 (pdf 33kb)
extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Leeds.
4 Edw. 7 c. 15Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act 1904
4 Edw. 7 c. 18Education (Local Authority Default) Act 1904
6 Edw. 7 c. 10Education of Defective Children (Scotland) Act 1906
6 Edw. 7 c. 57Education (Provision of Meals) Act 1906: allowed LEAs to provide meals for undernourished elementary school children.
7 Edw. 7 c. 43Education (Administrative Provisions) Act 1907: among other things, this Act introduced a scholarship/free place system for secondary education and required LEAs to provide medical inspections of elementary school children.
8 Edw. 7 c. 39Endowed Schools (Masters) Act 1908
8 Edw. 7 c. 63Education (Scotland) Act 1908
8 Edw. 7 c. 67Children Act 1908
9 Edw. 7 c. 13Local Education Authorities (Medical Treatment) Act 1909
9 Edw. 7 c. 29Education (Administrative Provisions) Act 1909
10 Edw. 7 &
1 Geo 5 c. 16
Duke of York's School (Chapel) Act 1910
10 Edw. 7 &
1 Geo 5 c. 25
Children Act 1908 Amendment Act 1910
10 Edw. 7 &
1 Geo 5 c. 37
Education (Choice of Employment) Act 1910

GEORGE V
1 & 2 Geo. 5 c. 32Education (Administrative Provisions) Act 1911
2 & 3 Geo. 5 c. 12Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1912
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 7Children (Employment Abroad) Act 1913
sought to prevent children being taken abroad for 'singing, playing, performing, or being exhibited, for profit'.
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 12Education (Scotland) Act 1913
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 13Education (Scotland) (Glasgow Electoral Divisions) Act 1913
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 28Mental Deficiency Act 1913
made better provision for the care of 'Feeble-minded and other Mentally Defective Persons' and amended the Lunacy Acts. Required local education authorities to ascertain and certify which children aged 7 to 16 in their area were defective.
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 29*Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1913
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 4Sheffield University Act 1914 (pdf 33kb)
extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Sheffield.
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 20Education (Provision of Meals) Act 1914: extended the powers of local education authorities to provide meals for undernourished elementary school children.
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 35Education (Scotland) (Provision of Meals) Act 1914
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 41Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1914
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 45Elementary Education (Defective and Epileptic Children) Act 1914
required local authorities to make provision.
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 66Elementary School Teachers (War Service Superannuation) Act 1914
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 67Education (Scotland) (War Service Superannuation) Act 1914
5 & 6 Geo. 5 c. 22Universities and Colleges (Emergency Powers) Act 1915
5 & 6 Geo. 5 c. 95Education (Small Population Grants) Act 1915
6 & 7 Geo. 5 c. 10Education (Provision of Meals) (Ireland) Act 1916
6 & 7 Geo. 5 c. 35Elementary Education (Fee Grant) Act 1916
7 & 8 Geo. 5 c. 53Education (Provision of Meals) (Ireland) Act 1917
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 29Maternity and Child Welfare Act 1918
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 39Education Act 1918 (Fisher) (pdf 748kb)
wide-ranging Act extending education provision in line with recommendations of 1917 Lewis Report.
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 48Education (Scotland) Act 1918
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 55School Teachers' (Superannuation) Act 1918
amended the Elementary School Teachers' (Superannuation) Acts 1898-1912.
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 16Public Health (Medical Treatment of Children) (Ireland) Act 1919
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 17Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act 1919
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 21Ministry of Health Act 1919 (pdf 205kb)
created the Ministry of Health and transferred to it some of the powers of the Board of Education.
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 41Education (Compliance with Conditions of Grants) Act 1919
10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 65Employment of Women, Young Persons, and Children Act 1920 (pdf 220kb)
enacted the conventions agreed at the 1919 meeting of the International Labour Organisation of the League of Nations.
11 & 12 Geo. 5 c. 4Children Act 1921
11 & 12 Geo. 5 c. 51Education Act 1921: consolidated all previous laws relating to education and raised school leaving age to 14.
12 & 13 Geo. 5 c. 31Universities (Scotland) Act 1922 (pdf 57kb)
extended the powers of the Courts of Scottish universities.
12 & 13 Geo. 5 c. 48School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1922
13 & 14 Geo. 5 c. 33Universities of Oxford and Cambridge Act 1923 (pdf 384kb)
established Commissions for the two universities.
13 & 14 Geo. 5 c. 38Education (Institution Children) Act 1923
14 & 15 Geo. 5 c. 12School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1924
14 & 15 Geo. 5 c. 13Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act 1924
15 & 16 Geo. 5 c. 24Universities and College Estates Act 1925 (pdf 651kb)
updated property rules relating to Oxford, Cambridge and Durham universities, Eton and St Mary's Winchester.
15 & 16 Geo. 5 c. 55Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act 1925
15 & 16 Geo. 5 c. 89Education (Scotland) Act 1925
16 & 17 Geo. 5 c. 29Adoption of Children Act 1926
16 & 17 Geo. 5 c. 46University of London Act 1926
gave London University a new administrative structure.
18 & 19 Geo. 5 c. 28Education (Scotland) Act 1928
18 & 19 Geo. 5 c. 30Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act 1928
19 & 20 Geo. 5 c. 17Local Government Act 1929 (pdf 4.6mb)
wide-ranging Act including the provision of education.
19 & 20 Geo. 5 c. 25Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 (pdf 2.0mb)
wide-ranging Act including the provision of education.
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 21Children (Employment Abroad) Act 1930
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 33Illegitimate Children (Scotland) Act 1930
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 36Education (Scotland) Act 1930
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 37Adoption of Children (Scotland) Act 1930
21 & 22 Geo. 5 c. 5Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act 1931
21 & 22 Geo. 5 c. 37Adoption of Children (Scotland) Act 1931
22 & 23 Geo. 5 c. 26Universities (Scotland) Act 1932 (pdf 143kb)
extended the powers of the Courts of Scottish universities.
22 & 23 Geo. 5 c. 47Children and Young Persons Act 1932
23 & 24 Geo. 5 c. 12Children and Young Persons Act 1933
23 & 24 Geo. 5 c. 29Education (Necessity of Schools) Act 1933
24 & 25 Geo. 5 c. 34Adoption of Children (Workmen's Compensation) Act 1934
25 & 26 Geo. 5 c. 5Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act 1935
26 Geo. 5 &
1 Edw. 8 c. 41
Education Act 1936: raised school leaving age to 15 and authorised building grants of up to 75 per cent for new denominational 'Special Agreement' senior schools.
26 Geo. 5 &
1 Edw. 8 c. 42
Education (Scotland) Act 1936

GEORGE VI
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 25
Education (Deaf Children) Act 1937
lowered the school starting age for deaf children.
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 37
Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937 (pdf 1.6mb)
wide-ranging Act covering child protection, employment, criminal proceedings and children in care.
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 46
Physical Training and Recreation Act 1937 (pdf 250kb)
provided for National Advisory Councils and a National College of Physical Training.
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 67
Factories Act 1937 (pdf 22.8mb)
wide-ranging Act including limitations on the employment of young people in hazardous environments.
1 & 2 Geo. 6 c. 40Children and Young Persons Act 1938
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 4Custody of Children (Scotland) Act 1939
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 27Adoption of Children (Regulation) Act 1939
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 60Senior Public Elementary Schools (Liverpool) Act 1939
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 96Education (Scotland) (War Service Superannuation) Act 1939 (pdf 102kb)
teachers' war service to be reckoned for superannuation.
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 106Universities and Colleges (Emergency Provisions) Act 1939
4 & 5 Geo. 6 c. 20Public and Other Schools (War Conditions) Act 1941
4 & 5 Geo. 6 c. 23Temporary Migration of Children (Guardianship) Act 1941
5 & 6 Geo. 6 c. 5Education (Scotland) Act 1942
6 & 7 Geo. 6 c. 9Universities and Colleges (Trusts) Act 1943 (pdf 131kb)
provisions regarding trust property at Oxford, Cambridge and St Mary's College Winchester.
7 & 8 Geo. 6 c. 8Guardianship (Refugee Children) Act 1944
7 & 8 Geo. 6 c. 31Education Act 1944 (pdf 1.8mb)
the 'Butler Act' set the structure of the post-war system of state education.
8 & 9 Geo. 6 c. 37Education (Scotland) Act 1945 (pdf 1.5mb)
the Scottish version of the 1944 Act.
9 & 10 Geo. 6 c. 50Education Act 1946 (pdf 280kb)
set out arrangements for the management of voluntary and controlled schools.
9 & 10 Geo. 6 c. 72Education (Scotland) Act 1946
further enactments building on the Education (Scotland) Act 1945.
10 & 11 Geo. 6 c. 36Education (Exemptions) (Scotland) Act 1947
made temporary provision for children to miss school to help with harvesting the potato crop.
10 & 11 Geo. 6 c. 43Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947 (pdf 5.9mb)
wide-ranging Act (including provisions relating to education) consolidating previous Acts and amendments.
NI 1947 c. 3Education Act (Northern Ireland) 1947
a major Act of the Northern Ireland Parliament setting out arrangements for the education system.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 26Local Government Act 1948 (pdf 1.9mb)
wide-ranging Act (including provisions relating to education) consolidating previous Acts and amendments.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 40Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1948 (pdf 292kb)
laid down new rules on various administrative matters.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 43Children Act 1948
made provision for the care and welfare of children without parents or whose parents were unfit or unable to take care of them.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 46*Employment and Training Act 1948
established the Youth Employment Service.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 53Nurseries and Child-Minders Regulation Act 1948 (pdf 200kb)
laid down rules for the regulation and inspection of child minders.
12 & 13 Geo. 6 c. 19Education (Scotland) Act 1949
made various amendments to the Education (Scotland) Act, 1946.
12, 13 & 14 Geo. 6 c. 98Adoption of Children Act 1949 (pdf 295kb)
made amendments to the Adoption of Children Act 1926.
NI 1950 c. 1Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (Northern Ireland) 1950
NI 1950 c. 20Education (Extension of Benefits) Act (Northern Ireland) 1950
NI 1951 c. 10Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1951
15 & 16 Geo. 6 & 1 Eliz. 2 c. 50Children and Young Persons (Amendment) Act 1952 (pdf 209kb)
made amendments to the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 and the Criminal Justice Act 1948.

ELIZABETH II
NI 1952 c. 17Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (Northern Ireland) 1952
1 & 2 Eliz. 2 c. 33Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1953 (pdf 424kb)
amendments to the 1944 Education Act relating to displaced pupils, controlled schools, dental treatment etc.
1 & 2 Eliz. 2 c. 40University of St Andrews Act 1953
provided for the re-organisation of University education in St. Andrews and Dundee.
1 & 2 Eliz. 2 c. 45School Crossing Patrols Act 1953
allowed school crossing patrols to control traffic.
NI 1953 c. 11Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1953
3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 28Children And Young Persons (Harmful Publications) Act 1955 (pdf 94kb)
banned the publication and sale of 'horror comics' etc.
4 & 5 Eliz. 2 c. 24Children and Young Persons Act 1956
dealt with escapes from approved schools and remand homes etc.
4 & 5 Eliz. 2 c. 53Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1956 (pdf 572kb)
amended previous legislation relating to teachers' pensions in England and Wales and in Scotland.
4 & 5 Eliz. 2 c. 75Education (Scotland) Act 1956
made various amendments to the Education (Scotland) Act, 1946.
NI 1956 c. 15Educational Endowments (Confirmation of Schemes) Act (Northern Ireland) 1956
NI 1956 c. 24Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1956
6 & 7 Eliz. 2 c. 40Matrimonial Proceedings (Children) Act 1958
sought to protect the interests of children in divorce cases.
6 & 7 Eliz. 2 c. 55Local Government Act 1958 (pdf 1.9mb)
wide-ranging Act including provisions relating to education.
6 & 7 Eliz. 2 c. 65Children Act 1958
made new provisions for the protection of children living away from their parents and amended the law relating to adoption.
NI 1958 c. 28Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1958
7 & 8 Eliz. 2 c. 60Education Act 1959 (pdf 68kb)
gave the Minister greater powers relating to grants and loans to aided schools and special agreement schools.
7 & 8 Eliz. 2 c. 72Mental Health Act 1959 (pdf 2.9mb)
wide-ranging Act including provisions relating to children.
8 & 9 Eliz. 2 c. 33Indecency with Children Act 1960 (pdf 61kb)
strengthened the law relating to sexual offences against children, especially young girls.
NI 1960 c. 9Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1960
10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 12Education Act 1962 (pdf 240kb)
required LEAs to provide students with grants for living costs and tuition fees; placed legal obligation on parents to ensure that children received a suitable education at school or otherwise - failure to comply could result in prosecution; made LEAs legally responsible for ensuring that pupils attended school.
10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 33*Health Visiting and Social Work (Training) Act 1962 (pdf 5.1mb)
10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 47Education (Scotland) Act 1962 (pdf 2.6mb)
major Act consolidating previous legislation relating to education in Scotland.
NI 1962 c. 11Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1962
1963 c. 20Remuneration of Teachers Act 1963
gave the Minister powers relating to the remuneration of teachers.
1963 c. 21Education (Scotland) Act 1963
miscellaneous provisions relating to examinations and teachers' salaries and pensions.
1963 c. 33London Government Act 1963 (pdf 5mb)
abolished London County Council (LCC) and replaced it with the Greater London Council (GLC).
1963 c. 37Children and Young Persons Act 1963 (pdf 1020kb)
extended LEAs' responsibilities for the welfare of children.
NI 1963 c. 27Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1963
1964 c. 16Industrial Training Act
made further provision for industrial and commercial training.
1964 c. 51Universities and College Estates Act 1964 (pdf 164kb)
amended the law relating to university and college property.
1964 c. 75Public Libraries and Museums Act
made provision for improvements in the public library service.
1964 c. 82Education Act 1964 (pdf 64kb)
the 'Boyle Act' allowed the creation of middle schools.
1965 c. 3Remuneration of Teachers Act 1965
set out new provisions for determining the remuneration of teachers.
1965 c. 7Education (Scotland) Act 1965
amended the Education (Scotland) Act 1963.
1965 c. 19Teaching Council (Scotland) Act 1965 (pdf 336kb)
provided for the establishment of a General Teaching Council for Scotland.
1966 c. 13Universities (Scotland) Act 1966 (pdf 356kb)
provided for the reconstitution of the universities of St Andrew's, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh and for the foundation of the University of Dundee.
1966 c. 42Local Government Act 1966 (pdf 880kb)
made various changes in funding between central government and LEAs. Section 11 dealt with the funding of education for immigrant children.
NI 1966 c. 18Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1966
1967 c. 3Education Act 1967 (pdf 68kb)
gave the Secretary of State greater powers in relation to grants and loans to aided and special agreement schools etc.
1968 c. 12Teachers Superannuation (Scotland) Act 1968 (pdf 262kb)
amended teachers' superannuation arrangements.
1968 c. 17Education Act 1968 (pdf 180kb)
laid down rules about changing the character of a school (eg to comprehensive).
1968 c. 37Education (No. 2) Act 1968
made further provision for the government of colleges of education, other further education institutions and special schools maintained by local education authorities.
1969 c. 49Education (Scotland) Act 1969
amended various laws relating to education in Scotland, especially the 1962 Education (Scotland) Act.
1969 c. 54Children and Young Persons Act 1969 (pdf 2.2mb)
gave LEAs responsibilities for children not receiving education or in need of care and control.
1970 c. 14Education (School Milk) Act 1970
extended the provision of free school milk to junior pupils in middle schools.
1970 c. 52Education (Handicapped Children) Act 1970 (pdf 60kb)
transferred responsibility for education of severely handicapped children from health authorities to LEAs.
1971 c. 2Teaching Council (Scotland) Act 1971 (pdf 64kb)
allowed General Teaching Council for Scotland fees to be deducted from salaries.
1971 c. 42Education (Scotland) Act 1971
amended the law relating to free education and the charging of fees in Scotland.
1971 c. 74Education (Milk) Act 1971
limited the provision of free milk in schools (and led to the jibe 'Thatcher, Thatcher, milk snatcher').
1972 c. 44Children Act 1972 (pdf 44kb)
the minimum age at which children could be employed was not to be affected by changes in the school leaving age.
1973 c. 16Education Act 1973 (pdf 296kb)
provisions relating to certain educational trusts and local education authority awards.
1973 c. 23Education (Work Experience) Act 1973 (pdf 52kb)
allowed LEAs to organise work experience for final year school students.
1973 c. 24Employment of Children Act 1973 (pdf 144kb)
new regulations and supervision by local authorities.
1973 c. 32National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 (pdf 2.4mb)
transferred the school health service from LEAs to Area Health Authorities, but LEAs still responsible for dental and medical inspections.
1973 c. 50Employment and Training Act 1973 (pdf 1.5mb)
required LEAs to set up careers services; established the Manpower Services Commission (MSC) under the Department of Employment, the Employment Service Agency and the Training Services Agency.
1973 c. 59Education (Scotland) Act 1973
increased the powers of the Secretary of State in relation to the employment of teachers.
1974 c. 7Local Government Act 1974 (pdf 2.2mb)
wide-ranging Act including some provisions relating to education.
1974 c. 27Education (Mentally Handicapped Children) (Scotland) Act 1974 (pdf 123kb)
required Scottish education authorities to provide for the education of mentally handicapped children.
1975 c. 2Education Act 1975
amended the law relating to local education authority grants, awards to students at adult education colleges, and increased central government funding for aided and special agreement schools.
1975 c. 61Child Benefit Act 1975
replaced family allowances with child benefit.
1975 c. 65Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (pdf 1.8mb)
had effects on school admissions, appointments and curricula.
1975 c. 72Children Act 1975 (pdf 1.8mb)
wide-ranging Act relating to the adoption, custody and care of children.
1976 c. 5Education (School-leaving Dates) Act 1976 (pdf 56kb)
a minor amendment to section 9 of the 1962 Education Act.
1976 c. 20Education (Scotland) Act 1976
miscellaneous provisions relating to school starting and leaving dates, supply of milk etc.
1976 c. 74Race Relations Act 1976 (pdf 1.3mb)
new laws relating to discrimination and race relations with implications for schools and education authorities.
1976 c. 81Education Act 1976 (pdf 148kb)
gave the Secretary of State the power to ask LEAs to plan for non-selective (ie comprehensive) secondary education (repealed by the Conservatives in 1979).
1978 c. 13Education (Northern Ireland) Act 1978
facilitated the establishment in Northern Ireland of integrated schools for pupils of different religious affiliations.
1978 c. 37Protection of Children Act 1978 (pdf 115kb)
made illegal the making and distribution of indecent photographs of children.
1979 c. 49Education Act 1979 (pdf 40kb)
repealed Labour's 1976 Act - allowed LEAs to retain selective secondary schools.
1980 c. 5Child Care Act 1980 (pdf 1.6mb)
wide-ranging Act largely consolidating previous legislation relating to the role of local authorities and voluntary organisations.
1980 c. 6Foster Children Act 1980 (pdf 373kb)
consolidated previous legislation relating to foster children.
1980 c. 20Education Act 1980 (pdf 1mb)
instituted the assisted places scheme (public money for children to go to private schools), gave parents greater powers on governing bodies and over admissions, and removed LEAs' obligation to provide school milk and meals.
1980 c. 44Education (Scotland) Act 1980 (pdf 2.1mb)
wide-ranging Act largely consolidating previous legislation.
1981 c. 58Education (Scotland) Act 1981 (pdf 1.3mb)
wide-ranging Act including the provision of assisted places at private schools.
1981 c. 60Education Act 1981 (pdf 496kb)
based on the 1978 Warnock Report, gave parents new rights in relation to special needs.
1982 c. 20Children's Homes Act 1982 (pdf 250kb)
provided for the registration, inspection and conduct of homes for children in local authority care.
1983 c. 40Education (Fees and Awards) Act 1983 (pdf 36kb)
provisions relating to university fees and grants for non-UK students.
1984 c. 6Education (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 1984 (pdf 37kb)
gave the Secretary of State power to control the use of dangerous materials or apparatus in Scottish schools.
1984 c. 11Education (Grants and Awards) Act 1984 (pdf 88kb)
introduced Education Support Grants (ESGs) - central government funds given to LEAs for specific purposes.
1984 c. 37Child Abduction Act 1984 (pdf 258kb)
amended the criminal law relating to the abduction of children.
1984 c. 56Foster Children (Scotland) Act 1984 (pdf 549kb)
consolidated previous legislation.
1985 c. 47Further Education Act 1985 (pdf 193kb)
empowered local authorities to supply goods and services through further education establishments; amended sex discrimination rules relating to PE teachers.
1985 c. 60Child Abduction and Custody Act 1985 (pdf 623kb)
enabled the UK to ratify international Conventions relating to child abduction and custody decisions.
1986 c. 1Education (Amendment) Act 1986 (pdf 37kb)
brief Act increasing education support grant limits and removing payment for lunch duties from the 1965 Remuneration of Teachers Act.
1986 c. 9Law Reform (Parent and Child) (Scotland) Act 1986 (pdf 561kb)
provisions relating to 'birth out of wedlock', parental rights and duties etc.
1986 c. 28Children and Young Persons (Amendment) Act 1986 (pdf 115kb)
amended the law relating to children and young people in care.
1986 c. 40Education Act 1986 (pdf 92kb)
required LEAs to give governors information on funding.
1986 c. 61Education (No. 2) Act 1986 (pdf 1.6mb)
required LEAs to state policies, governors to publish annual reports and hold parents' meetings; laid down rules on admissions, political indoctrination and sex education; abolished corporal punishment; ended Secretary of State's duty to make annual reports.
1987 c. 1Teachers' Pay and Conditions Act 1987
abolished the negotiating procedures set up by the 1965 Act - Secretary of State imposed teachers' pay and conditions until 1991.
1988 c. 9Local Government Act 1988 (pdf 9.0mb)
included the notoriously homophobic Section 28 (which was repealed by New Labour in November 2003).
1988 c. 19Employment Act 1988 (pdf 229kb)
introduced bridging allowance for young people waiting to take up YTS place. MSC renamed the Training Commission.
1988 c. 23Motor Vehicles (Wearing of Seat Belts by Children) Act 1988 (pdf 205kb)
made compulsory the use of rear seat belts by children.
1988 c. 40Education Reform Act 1988 (pdf 45.9mb)
major act establishing the National Curriculum, testing regime, Local Management of Schools (LMS) etc.
1988 c. 47School Boards (Scotland) Act 1988 (pdf 3.6mb)
required Scottish local authorities to establish School Boards.
1989 c. 38Employment Act 1989 (pdf 352kb)
abolished the Training Commission.
1989 c. 39Self-Governing Schools etc. (Scotland) Act 1989 (pdf 1.4mb)
the Tories' failed attempt to get Scottish schools to opt out of local authority control: only two did so and they both later reversed their decision.
1989 c. 41Children Act 1989 (pdf 6.0mb)
wide-ranging Act covering local authority services, children's homes, fostering, child minding and adoption.
1990 c. 6Education (Student Loans) Act 1990 (pdf 116kb)
introduced 'top-up' loans for higher education students and so began the diminution of student grants.
1991 c. 14Motor Vehicles (Safety Equipment for Children) Act 1991 (pdf 61kb)
an amendment to the Road Traffic Act 1988.
1991 c. 48Child Support Act 1991 (pdf 823kb)
tightened up the law on maintenance payments.
1991 c. 49School Teachers' Pay and Conditions Act 1991 (pdf 172kb)
established a review body but gave the Secretary of State the final say.
1992 c. 13Further and Higher Education Act 1992 (pdf 1.6mb)
removed further education and sixth form colleges from LEA control and established Further Education Funding Councils (FEFCs), unified the funding of higher education under the Higher Education Funding Councils (HEFCs), introduced competition for funding between institutions, abolished the Council for National Academic Awards.
1992 c. 37Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992 (pdf 1.7mb)
new arrangements for the funding and management of colleges in Scotland.
1992 c. 38Education (Schools) Act 1992 (pdf 4.2mb)
new arrangements for the inspection of schools led to the creation of Ofsted (Office for Standards in Education).
1993 c. 35Education Act 1993 (pdf 19.1mb)
changed the funding of GM schools, laid down rules for pupil exclusions and for 'failing' schools, abolished NCC and SEAC and replaced them with the School Curriculum and Assessment Authority (SCAA), defined special educational needs.
1994 c. 16University of London Act 1994 (pdf 61kb)
made new provision for the making of statutes for the University.
1994 c. 30Education Act 1994 (pdf 3.7mb)
established the Teacher Training Authority (TTA) and laid down new regulations relating to student unions.
1995 c. 34Child Support Act 1995 (pdf 459kb)
made provisions relating to child support maintenance and other maintenance.
1995 c. 36Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (pdf 3.4mb)
wide-ranging Act covering adoption, relationships between parents/guardians and children and children's homes.
1996 c. 9Education (Student Loans) Act 1996 (pdf 56kb)
extended the provision of student loans.
1996 c. 43Education (Scotland) Act 1996 (pdf 901kb)
established the Scottish Qualifications Authority, enabled grants for nursery providers etc.
1996 c. 50Nursery Education and Grant-Maintained Schools Act 1996 (pdf 2.1mb)
introduced unsuccessful voucher scheme for nursery education (later withdrawn by Labour), and allowed governors of GM schools to borrow money.
1996 c. 56Education Act 1996 (pdf 1.6mb)
huge act mainly consolidating all education acts since 1944.
1996 c. 57School Inspections Act 1996 (pdf 8.0mb)
consolidated previous legislation on school inspections.
1997 c. 44Education Act 1997 (pdf 996kb)
wide-ranging but much watered down because of the forthcoming general election. Abolished NCVQ and SCAA and replaced them with the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA).
1997 c. 59Education (Schools) Act 1997 (pdf 92kb)
New Labour's first education act abolished the assisted places scheme and proposed binding home-school agreements (the latter not implemented).
1998 c. 1Education (Student Loans) Act 1998 (pdf 88kb)
transferred provision of student loans to the private sector.
1998 c. 30Teaching and Higher Education Act 1998 (pdf 836kb)
established the General Teaching Council (GTC), abolished student maintenance grants and required students to contribute towards tuition fees.
1998 c. 31School Standards and Framework Act 1998 (pdf 940kb)
encouraged selection by specialisation, changed the names of types of schools, limited infant class sizes, established Education Action Zones etc.
1999 c. 14Protection of Children Act 1999 (pdf 86kb)
provided for a list to be kept of persons considered unsuitable to work with children.
2000 c. 14Care Standards Act 2000 (pdf 430kb)
wide-ranging Act including provisions relating to children; created the post of Children's Commissioner for Wales.
2000 c. 16Carers and Disabled Children Act 2000 (pdf 66kb)
made provisions about the assessment of carers' needs and services to help carers etc.
2000 c. 19Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act 2000 (pdf 594kb)
wide-ranging Act amending various laws.
2000 c. 21Learning and Skills Act 2000 (pdf 484kb)
established the Learning and Skills Councils for England and Wales, allowed city technology colleges to be renamed city academies.
2000 c. 35Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000 (pdf 78kb)
more duties for local authorities, replacing section 24 of the 1989 Children Act.
2001 c. 10Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 (pdf 799kb)
amended Part 4 of the 1996 Education Act - made further provision against discrimination on grounds of disability.
2001 c. 18Children's Commissioner for Wales Act 2001 (pdf 123kb)
made further provisions relating to the role of the Commissioner.
2002 c. 32Education Act 2002 (pdf 6.4mb)
wide-ranging Act which implemented the proposals in the 2001 white paper.
2002 c. 38Adoption and Children Act 2002 (pdf 3.8mb)
wide-ranging Act restating and amending the law relating to the adoption of children.
2004 c. 6Child Trust Funds Act 2004 (pdf 119kb)
made provisions regarding child trust funds and related matters.
2004 c. 8Higher Education Act 2004 (pdf 196kb)
based on the 2004 white paper, it allowed universities to charge variable top-up fees.
2004 c. 31Children Act 2004 (pdf 280kb)
based on the 2003 green paper Every Child Matters.
2005 c. 6Child Benefit Act 2005 (pdf 147kb)
redefined those entitled to child benefit.
2005 c. 18Education Act 2005 (pdf 648kb)
mostly concerned with changes to the inspection regime.
2006 c. 3Equality Act 2006 (pdf 406kb)
established the Commission for Equality and Human Rights with implications for schools.
2006 c. 20Children and Adoption Act 2006 (pdf 201kb)
made provisions regarding contact with children, family assistance orders, risk assessments etc.
2006 c. 21Childcare Act 2006 (pdf 381kb)
new rules relating to the provision, regulation and inspection of childcare.
2006 c. 40Education and Inspections Act 2006 (pdf 1.0mb)
very controversial - passed only with Tory support.
2007 c. 25Further Education and Training Act 2007 (pdf 196kb)
new arrangements relating to further education and the Learning and Skills Council for England.
2008 c. 6Child Maintenance and Other Payments Act 2008 (pdf 369kb)
established the Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission.
2008 c. 10Sale of Student Loans Act 2008 (pdf 86kb)
allowed the government to sell off student loans.
2008 c. 11Special Educational Needs (Information) Act 2008 (pdf 61kb)
amended the 1996 Education Act in relation to the provision and publication of information about children with special educational needs.
2008 c. 23Children and Young Persons Act 2008 (pdf 228kb)
new arrangements for the provision of social work services.
2008 c. 25Education and Skills Act 2008 (pdf 672kb)
raised the education leaving age to 18; Key Stage 3 SATs effectively abolished.
2009 c. 22Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009 (pdf 1.0mb)
created a statutory framework for apprenticeships.
2010 c. 9Child Poverty Act 2010 (pdf 140kb)
set targets relating to the eradication of child poverty.
2010 c. 15Equality Act 2010 (pdf 745kb)
wide-ranging Act which replaced nine major Acts of Parliament and almost a hundred sets of regulations which had been introduced over several decades.
2010 c. 26Children, Schools and Families Act 2010 (pdf 124kb)
based on the 2009 white paper but much reduced because of the impending election.
2010 c. 32Academies Act 2010 (pdf 106kb)
coalition government's first education act provided for massive and rapid expansion of academies.
2011 c. 21Education Act 2011 (pdf 700kb)
increased schools' powers relating to pupil behaviour and exclusions, further diminished the role of local authorities, further expansion of academies etc.
2014 c. 6Children and Families Act 2014 (pdf 1.5mb)
wide-ranging Act covering adoption, family justice, special educational needs and disabilities, childcare, welfare of children, the Children's Commissioner, statutory rights to leave and pay, time off work and ante-natal care, flexible working rights.


Statutory Instruments (Northern Ireland) 1972-2006

1972 No. 1263
(NI 12)
Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1972 (pdf 79.3mb)
1976 No. 58
(NI 2)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (pdf 4.6mb)
1978 No. 1040
(NI 10)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (pdf 9.7mb)
1980 No. 1958
(NI 16)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1980 (pdf 2.8mb)
1984 No. 1156
(NI 6)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1984 (pdf 40.7mb)
1986 No. 594
(NI 3)
Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (pdf 87.9mb)
1987 No. 167
(NI 2)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1987 (pdf 6.4mb)
1987 No. 461
(NI 6)
Education (Corporal Punishment) (Northern Ireland) Order 1987 (pdf 1.2mb)
1990 No. 1506
(NI 11)
Education (Student Loans) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (pdf 209kb)
1993 No. 2810
(NI 12)
Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1993 (pdf 1.2mb)
1996 No. 274
(NI 1)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1996 (pdf 840kb)
1996 No. 1918
(NI 15)
Education (Student Loans) (Northern Ireland) Order 1996 (pdf 160kb)
1997 No. 866
(NI 5)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 (pdf 406kb)
1997 No. 1772
(NI 15)
Further Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 (pdf 700kb)
1998 No. 258
(NI 1)
Education (Student Loans) (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 (pdf 156kb)
1998 No. 1759
(NI 13)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 (pdf 1.4mb)
1998 No. 1760
(NI 14)
Education (Student Support) (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 (pdf 283kb)
2003 No. 424
(NI 12)
Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 2003 (pdf 78kb)
2005 No. 1116
(NI 5)
Higher Education (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (pdf 41kb)
2005 No. 1963
(NI 13)
Colleges of Education (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (pdf 86kb)
2006 No. 1915
(NI 11)
Education (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 (pdf 147kb)